FOOD LIST WITH HISTAMINE and other AMINES
Although most foods contain histamine in some proportion, those in the left column contain the highest amount of histamine or other biogenic amines.
Histamine low diet and other biogenic amines
HIGH in Amines
LOW in Amines
Spinach, eggplant, tomato, avocado, sauerkraut, green pepper, sweet corn, mushrooms, bean sprouts.
Broccoli, cauliflower, cucumber, carrot, green beans, onions, garlic, zucchini, lettuce, artichokes, sweet potato, pumpkin, brussels sprouts, turnips, cabbages, endives.
Orange, grapefruit, lemon, tangerine, kiwi, papaya, strawberries, pineapple, banana, passion fruit, plum, pear. Juices from these fruits.
Watermelon, melon, peach, nectarines, Paraguayans, grapes, apples, coconut, red fruits (not strawberries), figs, apricots.
Wheat, spelt, kamut, rye, oats. Processed foods based on wheat flour such as pasta, pizza, cookies…
Brown rice, spelled grains, millet, buckwheat, quinoa, gluten-free oats.
Fish and seafood
Blue fish, crustaceans (prawns, lobster, prawns), canned fish and shellfish.
Fresh white fish.
Cured cheeses, cow cheeses, milk, fermented dairy products (Kefir, yogurt). Dairy desserts, ice cream. Soy milk, soy yogurt.
Fresh goat or sheep cheese, vegetable milks such as coconut , oatmeal or rice.
Other animal protein
Pork, egg white, cured meats (sausages, ham, salami…)
Beef, poultry, other meats fresh or with very few days of freezing.
All alcoholic beverages especially red wine, beer, white wine, champagne or cava.
Water, white tea, rooibos, infusions of fresh herbs, unsweetened vegetable milks.
Nuts and seeds
Walnuts, pistachios, sunflower seeds, almonds.
All seeds except sunflower seeds. Hazelnuts, Brazil nuts, macadamia, cashews.
Chickpeas, frozen peas, soybeans, green and purple beans.
Red beans, lentils, azuki, broad beans.
Herbs and spices
Licorice, spices in small quantities, tomato sauce.
Fresh aromatic herbs like coriander, parsley, basil.
Chocolate of any kind and its derivatives, fermented foods (vinegar, preserves, pickles, kefir, sauerkraut, miso).
Eat fresh food (without long periods of refrigeration), do not eat frozen food. Boiling vegetables reduces their histamine content (discard the water).
- Maintz L, Novak N, Histamine and histamine intolerance. Am J Clin Nutr.2007 May;85(5):1185-96.
- Mušič E, Korošec P, Šilar M, Adamič K, Košnik M, Rijavec M. Serum diamine oxidase activity as a diagnostic test for histamine intolerance. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2013 May;125(9-10):239-43. doi: 10.1007/s00508-013-0354-y. Epub 2013 Apr 12.
- Sònia Sánchez-Pérez ,Oriol Comas-Basté,Judit Rabell-González,M. Teresa Veciana-Nogués,M. Luz Latorre-Moratalla and M. Carmen Vidal-Carou,Biogenic Amines in Plant-Origin Foods: Are they Frequently Underestimated in Low-Histamine Diets? Foods 2018, 7(12), 205; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods7120205